An autonomous research institute under the Ministry of Finance

 

Ongoing projects

An Inquiry Into Exit From Government Schools

  • Start date April, 2019
  • Sponsor Azim Premji University Research Grant, 2018
  • Project leader Sukanya Bose
  • Consultants/Other authors Priyanta Ghosh, Manohar Boda, and Arvind Sardana (Eklavya)
  • Focus

    The study attempts to unpack the phenomenon of exit from government schools, with a focus on exits at the bottom of the pyramid.  Low fee private schools (LFPS) have emerged as close substitutes for government schools, though no official data exists for this largely informal sector in schooling. The study tries to establish the size of the LFPS sector, information that is vital to any planning and resource allocations. The excess demand for private schooling needs a supply response from the State through greater investments on public schooling. We estimate the public resource needs for the expansion of government schools for Delhi. The formal policy on regulation of private schools, its various interpretations and the actual practices in the field are examined in the context of Delhi’s LFPSs. 


Macroeconometric Modelling for the Indian Economy (continuation)

  • Start date Feb., 2021
  • Sponsor Self-Initiated
  • Project leader N. R. Bhanumurthy
  • Other faculty Sukanya Bose
  • Focus

    The aim is to find answers to current macroeconomic policy choices, given various external shocks, through policy simulation exercises. Simulations of the impact of external shocks on growth, inflation, external and fiscal balance will be worked out, based on a re-estimation of the NIPFP macro-econometric model, using latest data.  One of the questions of interest is the impact of the FRBM roadmap proposed by the Fifteenth Finance Commission, on macro-outcomes.


Revenue and Expenditure Contours of States in the Pandemic year 2020

  • Sponsor Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) under Approaches to Public Financing of Health in India: The Way
  • Project leader Mita Choudhury
  • Consultants/Other authors Pritam Datta, Rohit Dutta, Rashi Mittal, Garima Nain, Ragini
  • Focus

    This study analyses changes in the revenues and expenditures of major states of India in 2020-21 vis-a-vis 2019-20 (the reference year). On revenues, we examine component-wise changes and transfers from the Central government. On expenditures, we carry out analysis at the sectoral level to understand varied response across states in protecting social sector spending vis-a-vis spending in economic sectors during the pandemic. Aggregate data provided by the CAG, Monthly Civil Accounts compiled by the office of the Principal Auditor General (PAG) in states and revised figures provided in state budgets are used to draw conclusions.


Revenue and Expenditure Contours of States in the Pandemic year 2020

  • Start date Sept., 2020
  • Completion date Oct., 2021
  • Sponsor Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) under Approaches to Public Financing of Health in India: The Way
  • Project leader Mita Choudhury
  • Consultants/Other authors Pritam Datta, Rohit Dutta, Rashi Mittal, Garima Nain, Ragini
  • Focus

    This study analyses changes in the revenues and expenditures of major states of India in 2020-21 vis-a-vis 2019-20 (the reference year). On revenues, we examine component-wise changes and transfers from the Central government. On expenditures, we carry out analysis at the sectoral level to understand varied response across states in protecting social sector spending vis-a-vis spending in economic sectors during the pandemic. Aggregate data provided by the CAG, Monthly Civil Accounts compiled by the office of the Principal Auditor General (PAG) in states and revised figures provided in state budgets are used to draw conclusions.


Efficiency of Public Spending on Health and Governance Quality

  • Start date Aug., 2020
  • Completion date June, 2021
  • Sponsor Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) under Approaches to Public Financing of Health in India: The Way
  • Project leader Mita Choudhury
  • Consultants/Other authors Dweepobotee Brahma and Ragini
  • Focus

    Health systems in low and middle-income countries are plagued by inefficiencies which lead to diminished performance by the overall health system and cause poor health outcomes. In this study we investigate the efficiency of public spending in health across the Indian states. Using state-level panel data and stochastic frontier analysis, we first estimate the technical efficiency in public spending for the different states. We identify the most and least technically efficient states. We investigate the relationship between technical efficiency and the quality of governance in the states and discuss several ways of improving efficiency and overall health system performance.