An autonomous research institute under the Ministry of Finance


Public Finance Management in India in the time of COVID-19 Pandemic

Publication date

May, 2021


NIPFP Working Paper No. 337


Sacchidananda Mukherjee and Shivani Badola


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, public financial management in the FY 2020-21 and 2021-22 have become extremely challenging. The economic contraction has created pressures on PFM in India in terms of lower revenue mobilisation and higher expenditure needs. Both the Union and state governments are facing dual problem of arresting economic contraction and managing public finance with limited resources. The present paper analyses public finance management of the Union as well as 16 major Indian states during the time of COVID-19 pandemic. For comparison, we have also analysed pre-COVID public finance monthly data of state governments. The shock to PFM came from both the revenue as well as expenditure side. Apart from aggregate analysis of state finances of 16 major states, we present state-wise analysis to highlight measures adopted by states to deal with the unprecedented fiscal crisis.
Key Words: COVID-19 pandemic, Indian Public Finance, Fiscal Managements, Revenue Mobilisation, Fiscal Deficit, Revenue Deficit.
JEL Classification codes: H20, H61, H62, H63
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